The exhibition begins with oldest prehistory period in Silesia (500,000 years Before Present). The fossilized bones of long extinct animals, a mammoth and a woolly rhinoceros, once typical of Ice Age (Pleistocene) fauna are displayed. Flint tools associated with the older Stone Age (Middle and Upper Palaeolithic) are in this area of the exhibit. A handaxe from Konradówka is especially noteworthy. Slightly younger artefacts of flint and bone (e.g. of brown bear bone), discovered in a cave in Wojcieszów (12,000 years Before Present) are also on display.